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Surveying FAQ

Why do you need a Surveyor?
Who is a Surveyor?
What is a Survey?
   Boundary Survey
   Title Survey
   Subdivision Survey
   Topographic Survey
When do you need a survey?
What does a survey cost?

Why do you need a Surveyor?
You may require the services of a professional land surveyor someday. Generally, the need arises when you buy a home or parcel of land. Since this transaction represents a large and important investment to you and your family, the "Professional Land Surveyors of Ohio" have prepared this FAQ so you will better understand what a survey is and its importance in protecting your investment. 

Who is a Surveyor?
For a person to practice surveying in Ohio, they must be licensed and registered under the laws of the State of Ohio as a Professional Surveyor.

Results of every survey must be shown by the surveyor on a plat as required by the State Board of Registration for Professional Engineers and Surveyors.

What is a Survey?
A survey locates upon the ground that land which your deed describes. The following are some different types of surveys:

A combination of boundary and topographic surveying is used for design and construction of roads, subdivisions, pipelines, buildings, etc.

When Do You Need A Survey?
A survey should be performed when any of the following situations arise:

  • The title to land is to be transferred and the land is not clearly defined by plat, description, or location on the surface of the earth.
  • Land is to be divided by land contract, will, deed, court order, or desire of the owner.
  • Land is to be improved by the construction of buildings, roads, fences, lakes, etc.
  • There is a boundary dispute between you and your neighbor or you believe someone is encroaching upon your land.
  • There is reason to believe the description, plat or the location of any property line or corner is incorrect.

What Does A Survey Cost?
The cost of a survey depends on several things including the type of survey needed, the time required to perform the survey, and preparation of necessary plats and descriptions. Some variables which affect the cost of a land survey are:

  • Terrain and Accessibility: A level, open field is much easier to survey than a wooded, hilly tract of land.
  • Time of Year: Dense vegetation in summer often restricts the line of sight. Snow in the winter may conceal field evidence.
  • Size and Shape: An irregular shaped tract of land has more corners and a longer perimeter than a square containing the same area.
  • Field Evidence: The presence of iron monuments, corner stones, etc. in the survey area aid the surveyor; their absence makes the survey more difficult.
  • Deeds: At times the legal description of the property to be surveyed may be vague, incomplete, contradictory, and/or mathematically inaccurate. It may also be necessary to resolve an unrecorded deed, agreement, or easement.

Source: Professional Land Surveyors of Ohio